Architects: Mario Cucinella Architects
Location: Milan, Italy
Design Team: Mario Cucinella, David Hirsch, Marco Dell’Agli, Luca Stramigioli, Giuliana Maggio, Yuri Costantini
Area: 14000.0 sqm
Photographs: Guido Maria Isolabella, Euromilano
Renderings: Cristian Chierici – CC79
Project Images: MCA Archive
Systems Design: Ariatta Ingegneria dei Sistemi srl
Vvf: Studio Zaccarelli
Coordination And Construction Management: Intertecno srl
From the architect. The project of Mario Cucinella Architects includes the construction of three of the seven residential towers inside the Expo Village, designed by Euromilano, within the redevelop of the Masterplan Cascina Merlata in Milan. The three buildings are located in the area north of the Masterplan and they will be used as Expo Village in a first phase, then to be converted into apartments of social housing.
The project stems from a complex operation of refinement of forms and volumes, developed in collaboration with other designers who have been called upon to work within this same lot, in order to coordinate and combine the various volumes required. The architectural concept stems from the principle that quality living is strongly influenced by the quality of public and / or private space in the surroundings. Therefore, the buildings in the proposal, though situated in a context of strong architectural density, express a degree of complexity and define an urban landscape made up of solids and voids, volumes of different heights, of transparency and opacity, colors and shades . The buildings are organized around a central space, the signature space of the new complex, and are organized as a configuration of three towers, sloping upward, tapering at the upper floors like granite blocks. The volumes have regular but faceted shapes, materially uniform but varied in color and in the refraction of light.
The tiered system allows light to penetrate the central space and lower levels, opening views and perspectives and ensuring large sized terraces. To this end, a solar power analysis was conducted, evaluating the number of hours of direct sunlight per day on each surface: based on these variables, particular attention was paid to the orientation and size of transparent façade surfaces to optimize daylighting in each of the interiors.
The system of terraced floors determines a different configuration of apartments on each level. Internal atriums have been inserted to generate the system of accesses to the different residential units at different levels, simultaneously forming outdoor terraces, which are divisible and can be used by adjoining apartments. The ground floor is an accessible and bright communal space, suited to accommodate green areas and spaces for collective use. Despite the limited budget for the project, local construction agreements have allowed for the buildings to achieve Class A classification. In fact, the inclusion of high efficiency systems (solar panels, district heating, radiant floor heating, air handling units) combined with highly insulated envelope (façade coating, low emissivity double glazing) will reduce the annual consumption for winter heating.